Wednesday, June 29, 2016

BCA3010 - COMPUTER ORIENTED NUMERICAL METHODS

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ASSIGNMENT

DRIVE
SPRING 2016
PROGRAM
BCA(REVISED FALL 2012)
Semester
3
SUBJECT CODE & NAME
BCA3010 - COMPUTER ORIENTED NUMERICAL METHODS
CREDIT
4
BK ID
B 1643
MAX.MARKS
60

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.
Q.1 Find the Taylors Series for (π‘₯) = π‘₯3 − 10π‘₯2 + 6 about π‘₯0 = 3
Solution: Consider the one dimensional initial value problem
y' = f(x, y),   y(x0) = y0
where 
f is a function of two variables x and y and (x0 , y0) is a known point on the solution curve.


Q. 2. Find a real root of the transcendental equation cos x – 3x+1 = 0, correct to four decimal places using iteration method.
Solution: Iteration Method: Let the given equation be f(x) = 0 and the value of x to be determined. By using the Iteration method you can find the roots of the equation. To find the root of the equation first we have to write equation like below
x = pi(x)
Let x=x0 be an initial approximation of the required root Ξ± then the first approximation x1 is given by x1 = pi(x0).

Q.3 Solve the equations

2x + 3y + z = 9
x + 2y + 3z = 6
3x + y + 2z = 8 by LU decomposition method.

Solution: We shall solve the system
2x + 3y + z = 9
x + 2y + 3z = 6
3x + y + 2z = 8


Q.4 Fit a second degree parabola y = a + bx + cx2 in the least square method for the following data and hence estimate y at x = 6.

X
1
2
3
4
5
Y
10
12
13
16
19

Solution: The given straight line fit be y = ax+b. The normal equations of least squre fit are
aSxi2 + bSxi = Sxiyi ---------------- (1)
and    aSxi + nb = Syi  --------------------- (2)



Q.5 The population of a certain town is shown in the following table
Year X
1931
1941
1951
1961
1971
Population Y
40.62
60.80
79.95
103.56
132.65
Find the rate of growth of the population in 1961.

Solution:
Year X
1931
1941
1951
1961
1971
Population Y
40.62
60.80
79.95
103.56
132.65

Here h = 10


Q. 6. Solve of 𝑦𝑛+2 − 2 πΆπ‘œπ‘ π›Ό 𝑦𝑛+1 + 𝑦𝑛 = πΆπ‘œπ‘  𝛼𝑛.

Solution: The order of the difference equation is the difference between the largest and smallest arguments occur-ring in the difference equation divided by the unit of argument.Thus, the order of the difference equation=Largest argument Smallest argument Unit of argument.

We have yn = A2n + B(-2)n             => yn-A2n – B(-2)n




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IB0013 –Export Import management

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ASSIGNMENT

DRIVE
SPRING 2016
PROGRAM
MBADS (SEM 3/SEM 5) MBAFLEX/ MBA (SEM 3) PGDIB (SEM 1)
SUBJECT CODE & NAME
IB0013 –Export Import management
CREDIT
4
BK ID
B 1907
MAX.MARKS
60


Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.


Question.1. What are the various approaches to exporting? Explain the benefits of export?

Answer:The term export means shipping in the goods and services out of the jurisdiction of a country. The seller of such goods and services is referred to as an "exporter" and is based in the country of export whereas the overseas based buyer is referred to as an "importer". In international trade, "exports" refers to selling goods and services produced in the home country to other markets.

Increasing sales: Exporting is one way of increasing your sales potential; it expands the "pie" that you earn money from, otherwise you are stuck trying to make money only out of the local market. In the case of South Africa, our

Question.2. Explain the procedure for Establishing a Business Firm.

Answer:Starting a company is hard work that requires attention to detail and a checklist on the right procedures. According to CNN Money, starting your own business can be a anxious decision to make. One of the ways you can help gain confidence in your business startup is to follow the basic procedures on starting a company.

Business Plan: Without a business plan, it can be difficult to
Question.3. What are the Terms and Conditions of an Export Order?

Answer:In reality, an export exercise is concluded successfully only after the exporter has been able to deliver the consignment in accordance with the export contract and receive payment for the goods.

This involves practice of prescribed procedure to be performed (Branch 2000). The fact is that one does not need only to be very well informed about his/her export company, his/her products, his/her suppliers, his/her export chain, his/her market, the world market, but one also needs to know the export rules and terms, the different cultures that one targets and the final customers’ needs.


Question.5. What are the various types of commercial documents used in export trade?
Explain in detail.

Answer: Documents required for an international sale can vary significantly from transaction to transaction, depending on the destination and the product being shipped. At a minimum, there will be two documents: the invoice and the transport document. The buyer will usually provide the seller with a list of documents needed to get the goods into his country as expeditiously and inexpensively as possible. Some documentary


Question.6. What are the Various Schemes Offered to Exporters?
types of schemes offered

Answer:The mutual fund industry of India is continuously evolving. Along the way, several industry bodies are also investing towards investor education. Yet, according to a report by Boston Analytics, less than 10% of our households consider mutual funds as an investment avenue. It is still considered as a high-risk option.

In fact, a basic inquiry about the types of mutual funds reveals that these are perhaps one of the most flexible, comprehensive and hassle free modes of investments that can accommodate various types of investor needs.


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IB0011– International Marketing

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ASSIGNMENT

DRIVE
SPRING 2016
PROGRAM
MBADS – (SEM 3/SEM 5) / MBAN2 / MBAFLEX – (SEM 3) /
PGDIB – (SEM 1)
SUBJECT CODE & NAME
IB0011– International Marketing
BK ID
B1199
CREDITS
4
MARKS
60

Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.



Question.1. Discuss the concept of international marketing. How is international marketing difference from domestic marketing?

Answer:International marketing or global marketing refers to marketing executed by transatlantic companies or across national borders. This strategy uses an extension of the techniques used in the main country of the company. According to the American Marketing Association the "international marketing is a multinational process of planning and executing the conception, put price, promotion and distribution of ideas, goods and services to create exchanges


Question.2. Explain Hofstede’s cultural dimension. Discuss the main elements of culture with examples

Answer:Hofstede's cultural dimensions theory is a framework for cross-cultural communication, developed by Geert Hofstede. It describes the effects of a society's culture on the values of its members, and how these values relate to behavior, using a structure derived from factor analysis.

Hofstede developed his original model as a result of using factor analysis to examine the results of a world-wide survey of employee values by IBM between 1967 and 1973. It has been refined since. The original theory proposed four dimensions along which cultural values could be analyzed:

Question.3. Define international marketing research approach? Discuss the international research process.

Answer:International Market Research is a particular discipline of Market Research, focusing on certain geographical areas.

International Market Research is concerned with consumer goods, but also with any resource or service within a value chain which will be commercially utilised or further processed – which is the area of industrial goods and B2B-Marketing.

International market research projects may have various

Question.4. Discuss the various steps in the process of product development. Describe international product life cycle.

Answer:Product Life Cycle Stages:As consumers, we buy millions of products every year. And just like us, these products have a life cycle. Older, long-established products eventually become less popular, while in contrast, the demand for new, more modern goods usually increases quite rapidly after they are launched.

Because most companies understand the different product life cycle stages, and that the products they sell all have a limited lifespan, the majority of them will invest heavily in new product development in order to make sure that their businesses continue to grow.

Product Life Cycle Stages Explained

The product life

Question.5. Write short notes on:

a) export documentation

Answer:If you are an exporter, you would have already set up an Export company by following necessary government rules and regulations. By choosing your export product, you would have sent export samples to your international buyer if required and got approved. After necessary communication with your overseas buyer on terms of payment and terms of delivery, you arrange to issue proforma invoice, in turn you receive export order followed by purchase order from your overseas buyer. The terms of payment for your export contract could be advance payment, Documents against Acceptance DA

Question.6. Define ethical problems in international Marketing? Explain the 4ps of international marketing?

Answer:The Ninja Corporation's business has increased dramatically each year. They are under enormous pressure to keep their stockholders happy. The results of the company's yearly board meeting showed that in order for them to keep growing at such a fast pace, they will need to expand to international markets. Ninja Corp.'s martial arts products are very popular (especially their bandanas), and the company believes Canada, Europe, and India should be considered for the expansion. The traditional marketing mix, consisting of product, place, price, and promotion, will have to be tweaked in many ways in order to reach international markets.

The First Steps: In order to create an

Cost-Based and Value-Based Pricing


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IB0010 & INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

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ASSIGNMENT

DRIVE
SPRING 2016
PROGRAM
MBADS – (SEM 4/SEM 6) / MBAN2 / MBAFLEX – (SEM 4) /
PGDFMN – (SEM 2)
SUBJECT CODE & NAME
IB0010 & INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
SEMESTER
4
BK ID
B1759
CREDITS
4
MARKS
60



Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme


Question.1. Explain the difference between International Financial Management and Domestic Financial Management? Discuss the goals of international financial management?

Answer: International finance is different from domestic finance in many aspects and first and the most significant of them is foreign currency exposure. There are other aspects such as the different political, cultural, legal, economical, and taxation environment. International financial management involves a lot of currency derivatives whereas such derivatives are very less used in domestic financial management.


International Finance vs. Domestic Finance

Exposure to Foreign Exchange: The most significant difference is of foreign currency exposure. Currency exposure impacts almost all the areas of


Question.2. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of fixed and floating rates systems? Discuss foreign exchange transactions?

Answer: Fiat currency doesn’t imply a fixed exchange rate. In fact, fiat currencies are compatible with a floating exchange rate regime, in which the value of a currency is determined in foreign exchange markets.

Floating exchange rates have these main advantages:

·       No need for international management of exchange rates: Unlike fixed exchange rates based on a metallic standard, floating exchange rates don’t require an international manager such
Question.3. Explain the concept of Swap. Write down its features and various types of interest rate swap.

Answer: A swap is a derivative contract through which two parties exchange financial instruments. These instruments can be almost anything, but most swaps involve cash flows based on a notional principal amount that both parties agree to. Usually, the principal does not change hands. Each cash flow comprises one leg of the swap. One cash flow is generally fixed, while the other is variable, that is, based on aa benchmark interest rate, floating currency exchange rate or index price.

The most common kind of swap is an interest rate swap. Swaps do not trade on exchanges, and retail investors do not generally engage in swaps. Rather, swaps are over-the-counter contracts between businesses or financial institutions.

In an interest rate swap,



Question.4. Elaborate on meaning of foreign exchange exposure. Explain the types of foreign exposure.
Meaning of foreign exchange exposure
Explain the types of foreign exposure

Answer: Foreign exchange exposure is classified into three types viz. Transaction, Translation and Economic Exposure. Transaction exposure deals with actual foreign currency transaction. Translation exposure deals with the accounting representation and economic exposure deals with little macro level exposure which may be true for the whole industry rather than just the firm under concern.

Foreign exchange exposure

Question.5. Write short notes on:

International Credit Markets

Answer: The credit market is a broad market for companies looking to raise funds through debt issuance. The credit market encompasses both investment-grade bonds and junk bonds, as well as short-term commercial paper.

The market for debt offerings as seen by investors of bonds, notes and securitized obligations such as mortgage pools and collateralized debt obligations (CDOs).

The credit markets
International Bond Markets

Answer: An international bond is a debt investment that is issued in a country by a non-domestic entity. International bonds are issued in countries outside of the United States, in their native country's currency. They pay interest at specific intervals, and pay the principal amount back to the bond's buyer at maturity.

Question.6. Country risk is the risk of investing in a country, where a change in the business environment adversely affects the profit or the value of the assets in a specific country. Explain the country risk factors and assessment of risk factors.

Answer: Country risk refers to the risk of investing or lending in a country, arising from possible changes in the business environment that may adversely affect operating profits or the value of assets in the country. For example, financial factors such as currency controls, devaluation or regulatory changes, or stability factors such as mass riots, civil war and other potential events contribute to companies' operational risks. This term is also sometimes referred to as political risk; however, country risk is a more general term that generally refers only to risks affecting all companies operating within or involved with a particular country.
Important Steps When Investing Overseas


Once country analysis has been completed, several investment decisions need to be made. The first choice is to decide where to invest, by choosing among several possible investment approaches, including:

·         Investing in a


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